Smart City and Campus Partnerships Advance the Internet of Things

Posted On Jan 31, 2020 By admin With Comments Off on Smart City and Campus Partnerships Advance the Internet of Things



For countless students at the University of Michigan, their host metropoli, Ann Arbor, dishes as a home away from home. For a few, nonetheless, and for U-M professor Huei Peng, it’s likewise the excellent residence to attend pertained study — and to push the boundaries of the Internet of Things.

Peng, a Roger L. McCarthy Professor of Mechanical Engineering, is also the director of Mcity, an advanced mobility research center and public-private partnership between colleges and universities, the city of Ann Arbor, and dozens of other government and industry entities.

Mcity’s focus is on the development of connected, automated engineerings that are the backbone of intelligent transportation, including driverless vehicles. Ann Arbor, says Peng, is the center’s living laboratory, an ideal setting for collecting data and putting thoughts to the test.

“Because of our campus, we have a very busy and congested downtown field, ” he says. It’s a prototype urban setting, in his opinion, but also not far from the less-traveled countryside. “You have the city, the rural and the places in between. Within 4 to 5 miles, you’ve got everything.”

Mcity’s research relies on data from about 2,800 privately owned autoes and trucks, city bus, university taxis and other vehicles, says Peng. Each is furnished with a GPS antenna and a dedicated short-range communication( DSCR) device, which collect and communicate data on each vehicle’s position, accelerated and direction of travelling, as well as its location relative to other connected vehicles participating in the Mcity network.

Approximately 65 intersections across Ann Arbor have been outfitted with DSRC engineering, along with other locations, such as sure-fire curves on circumventing highways.

Mcity’s status as an academic-municipal partnership helps it recruit local residents for the project, Peng says. The data collected as they navigate Ann Arbor is stored on SD placards or on hard drives and downloaded in batches to university arrangements at regular intervals for analysis. If the program was simply government- or industry-run, parties would likely be far less willing to permit such tracking of their daily whereabouts, he says.

“They trust that we’ll use this data for research and not to issue speeding tickets, for example. They know we have to abide by a very strict code of ethics.”

MORE FROM EDTECH: See how Arizona State University deployed smart-alecky parking and facilities handling .

Smart City and Smart Campus Partnerships Can Scale IoT

U-M is among a germinating number of universities exploring the possibilities of the IoT through collaborations with local and regional communities. In Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland State University work closely with their home city through the Internet of Things of Collaborative. In Massachusetts, Boston University just completed its fifth year of a campus-city collaboration known as SCOPE, or Smart-city Cloud-based Open Platform and Ecosystem.

The Cleveland IoT project cores on interconnected machines that are critical to the city’s industrial and urban infrastructure. Student and faculty players represent penalizes as diverse as chemical and biomedical engineering, criminology, anthropology, and sociology. SCOPE, meanwhile, leveragings existing BU research projects examining inventive applications for sensor networking. The university’s downtown Boston location offers an opportunity for the campus society to incorporate the city in teaching and learning.

“Partnerships between metropolis and universities aren’t brand-new, ” indicates Brenna Berman, co-chair of the Illinois Technology Association’s Internet of Things Council and executive director of the Chicago-based City Tech Collaborative. “Because they’re busy, populace, fascinating lieu with lots of fun things going on, there’s always been an interest in the city as a petri dish.”

What’s new, Berman says, is the scale at which IoT projects can take place, as well as their potential impact on municipals and campuses alike.

“There’s enormous quality in these collaborations as a catalyst for modernization, ” she says.

Smaller college municipalities peculiarly, says Berman, typically lack financing of the and technical capabilities to conduct smart-alecky municipality initiatives on their own, so partnering with universities manufactures sense. At big colleges, the funding and know-how are often there, but a district alliance can take research to the next grade.

“Collaboration is critical for any university that wants to solve complex, real-world problems” by applying IoT solutions in innovative ways, Berman says.

The bonus is that such partnerships also advantaged students, who get hands-on experience with cutting-edge digital technologies.

“These technologies they’re testing can transform their campuses as well, shaping them safer, more efficient and better places to live, ” she says.

MORE FROM EDTECH: AI and smart-alecky campuses are among higher ed tech to watch in 2020.

Portland State Test Bed Pursues Safer, Smarter City

One institution on the leading edge is Portland State University, where Jonathan Fink, a professor of geology, is also director of PSU’s Digital City Testbed Center.

Established in early 2019, the DCTC is part of a system of IoT-testing locates on four city campuses across the Pacific Northwest.( They include the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, where Fink is a visiting professor of city analytics and co-director of the Cascadia Urban Analytics Cooperative .)

The PSU testbed may be in its infancy, he indicates, but it has large-scale aspirations. Central to the fact-finding mission of smart municipality invention is its long-standing partnership with the city of Portland.




Prior to propelling DCTC, Fink excuses, PSU had worked closely with Portland’s Bureau of Planning and Sustainability and the Portland Bureau of Transportation on a proposal the city submitted to the U.S. Department of Transportation for a award rivalry, the Smart City Challenge. Portland didn’t win the grant, but the bureau decided to push ahead with its smart city vision anyway, creating a program called Smart City PDX. The curriculum now has half a dozen projects underway, several of which involve PSU.

“Portland State is downtown, totally immersed in the city, ” Fink says. The university has engineering and urban design faculty, as well as a large number of interested students “with enormous ideas related to urban problems, because that’s the environment they hang out in.”

DCTC assets help to augment city initiatives, Fink says. “When something comes along that the city is interested in, that’s where we kept our funding.” One of those projects focuses on air quality sensors that monitor vehicle contamination. Another involves a traffic safety sensors initiative along three of the city’s high-crash aisles. For the air tone platform, PSU investigates are assessing numerous sensors to determine which ones manipulate the best. For the traffic-related project, the government has their courtesy on something else: another related pilot program called the Portland Urban Data Lake.

“We have 200 sensors rallying real-time information on vehicle, bike and pedestrian freight, ” says Kevin Martin, who oversees Portland’s Smart City PDX program.

That IoT data — 3 million records per day — must be maintained in a centralized system that the city, for now, does not have. That raises questions, he says. “Where does that data go and how do we control it? How do we analyze it and turn it into information we can use? ”

The city of Portland has asked PSU to help design a mixture and improve the necessary infrastructure to form data-driven decisions that to be translated into safer municipal streets.

“We certainly have a lot of technological science in the city, but we don’t have a lot of research expertise, ” Martin observes. “I think that’s actually where these kinds of partnerships with universities like Portland State bring a lot of value. If we can experiment with these technologies before we implement them, we’re going to increase our likelihood of success.”

On the Horizon

Here’s a look at smart city technologies that have been able to show up on campuses soon.

Hello Lamp Post: Walk up to any object with a Hello Lamp Post code( a lamp announce, a trash bin, a common bench ), then move it a textbook to receive useful information on anything that impresses your interest.( The nearest coffee shop, anyone ?) They’re already in 16 municipalities various regions of the world, including Austin, Texas, and Tokyo, and are coming soon to Oregon’s Portland State University.

Smart paint: Developed at The Ohio State University, this regular coat infused with a rare-earth oxide additive are simply be spotcheck with a sensor-equipped cane. Used most often to recognize threads around potentially dangerous neighbourhoods, such as road traverses, smart-alecky cover causes real-time location guidance to visually impaired individuals.

Facilities conduct: Sensible Build Science, a company located at the University of British Columbia, offers a middleware solution that uses a building’s Wi-Fi to calculate how many parties are in a given room. It relays that information to the HVAC system, where heating and cooling, igniting, and other functions are automatically adjusted to optimize energy savings and comfort.

Mcity: By the Numbers 59 manufacture collaborators 100+ students and 50 faculty members involved in jobs and research $26.5 million to be used in R& D and project deployment

Source: Mcity

Designated Driver

Mcity’s electrical driverless shuttles, which exert GPS and the laser-beam technology lidar( ignited spotting and ranging) to navigate campus arteries, have been in service since June 2018.

2 shuttles 11 fares each 1-mile superhighway every 10 minutes

Source: Mcity

Big Money: IoT Spending Research house IDC prophesies worldwide spending on IoT technologies will jump from $745 billion in 2019 to more than$ 1 trillion in 2022.

Source: IDC

Device Deluge

Estimated number of IoT devices worldwide in 2020: 38.5 billion

Predicted number of connected devices by 2025: 64 billion

Sources: Juniper Research and Business Insider Intelligence

Expanding Connections

5G wireless will be key to device connectivity as the number of IoT devices worldwide continues to rise. It’s estimated that 5G engineering can direct 500 times bigger acquaintances per square kilometer than a modern 4G cellular tower.

Source: EdTech: Focus on Higher Education

Smart Thinking About Smart Campuses

A recent sketch of higher education leads asked them to list the central operators for adopting connected engineerings 😛 TAGEND Achieve cost savings( 48%) Increase student retention( 43%) Improve memorize outcomes( 38%)

Source: Center for Digital Education

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